determine the prevalence of LBW and pre-term deliveries across the
entire population and to determine regional disparities where evident.
of nutritional risk factors for adverse birth outcomes.
of specific breast feeding and dietary needs of LBW infants.
Nutrition, Infection, and Reproductive Health
determine the prevalence of infections including RTIs in women and
interaction with nutrition.
for better understanding of the interactions of infection with
nutrition on the development of the immune system.
of probiotics in immune
Foetal Antecedents of Adult Disease
to assess the potential long-term consequences of foetal malnutrition/LBW
evaluations of the concept of "programming" of metabolism
and accelerated development of chronic diseases (diabetes, insulin
resistance syndrome, obesity and cardiovascular diseases) in Indian
of the potential role of specific macro- and micro-nutrients [lipids,
polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), antioxidants, folic acid, iron,
zinc and calcium] in the ontogeny of adult disease, and the impact of
nutrition on gene expression.
To assess the prevalence of
multiple micronutrient deficiencies (iron, folic acid, vitamin
A, zinc, riboflavin, calcium and others) during pre-pregnancy,
pregnancy and lactation in Indian women, adolescents and
the causes and functional consequences of micronutrient deficiencies
of factors in indigenous foods of India which influence absorption and
bioavailability of iron and other micronutrients
of micronutrient interactions associated with indigenous diets of
Indian population that might influence bioavailability.
for micronutrient delivery (food-based from regional diets,
non-traditional foods, food fortification and evidence based
Development of improved methods for assessment of iron
deficiency anaemia and other micronutrient deficiencies appropriate
for field use under conditions found in India.
Identify factors influencing bioavailability of
micronutrients in infants fed human milk (throughout lactation) and
indigenous complementary foods in India.
evaluation, and implementation of home-based management strategies for
children with severe grade malnutrition.
Studies to validate reliable nutrition
interventions to improve
growth, particularly in young girls and to determine optimal ages for
maximum effectiveness of interventions.
To identify additional risk factors such as
parasitic infections and their mediating effects on gastrointestinal
function and subsequent growth and development.
impact of nutritional status on susceptibility to food-borne
new and more rapid methods to detect food-borne pathogens.
the effects of food contaminants and adulterants on human health.
and Non-communicable Diseases
factors that would increase the effectiveness of life-style and
motivational approaches to sustain (or increase, as appropriate)
physical activity to decrease the risk of non-communicable diseases
associated with increased caloric intakes consequent to urbanization
and rapid technological change.
Problems of Ageing
on the prevalence of osteoporosis and possible interventions
Genetically Modified Foods
on the health effects of GM foods
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